Statistical mechanical model of gas adsorption in porous crystals with dynamic moieties

C. M. Simon, E. Braun, C. Carraro, and B. Smit, Statistical mechanical model of gas adsorption in porous crystals with dynamic moieties P Natl Acad Sci USA 114(3) E287 (2017) http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1613874114

Abstract: Some nanoporous, crystalline materials possess dynamic constituents, for example, rotatable moieties. These moieties can undergo a conformation change in response to the adsorption of guest molecules, which qualitatively impacts adsorption behavior. We pose and solve a statistical mechanical model of gas adsorption in a porous crystal whose cages share a common ligand that can adopt two distinct rotational conformations. Guest molecules incentivize the ligands to adopt a different rotational configuration than maintained in the empty host. Our model captures inflections, steps, and hysteresis that can arise in the adsorption isotherm as a signature of the rotating ligands. The insights disclosed by our simple model contribute a more intimate understanding of the response and consequence of rotating ligands integrated into porous materials to harness them for gas storage and separations, chemical sensing, drug delivery, catalysis, and nanoscale devices. Particularly, our model reveals design strategies to exploit these moving constituents and engineer improved adsorbents with intrinsic thermal management for pressure-swing adsorption processes.http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlepdf/2016/fd/c6fd00148c


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