Methane storage capabilities of diamond analogues

M. Haranczyk, L.-C. Lin, K. Lee, R. L. Martin, J. Neaton, and B. Smit, Methane storage capabilities of diamond analogues PCCP  (2013) http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C3CP53814A

Abstract: Methane can be an alternative fuel for vehicular usage provided that new porous materials are developed for its efficient adsorption-based storage. Herein, we search for materials for this application within the family of diamond analogues. We used density functional theory to investigate structures in which tetrahedral C atoms of diamond are separated by -CC- or -BN- groups, as well as ones involving substitution of tetrahedral C atoms with Si and Ge atoms. The adsorptive and diffusive properties of methane are studied using classical molecular simulations. Our results suggest that the all-carbon structure has the highest volumetric methane uptake of 280 VSTP/V at p = 35 bar and T = 298 K. However, it suffers from limited methane diffusion. Alternatively, the considered Si and Ge-containing analogies have fast diffusive properties but their adsorption is lower, ca. 172-179 VSTP/V, at the same conditions.

© Berend Smit 2013